Electric vs Magnetic fields

Difference Between Electric Field And Magnetic Field

Magnetic field is an exerted area around the magnetic force. It is obtained by moving electric charges. The direction of the magnetic field is indicated by lines. While the electric fields are generated around the particles which obtains electric charge. During this process, positive charges are drawn, while negative charges are repelled.


An object with a moving charge always has both magnetic and electric field. They have some similarities and also has two different fields with same characteristics. Both fields are inter-related called electromagnetic field but there are not depending on each other.

Difference Between Electric Field vs Magnetic Field

Electric FieldMagnetic Field

It creates an electric charge in surroundingCreates an electric charge around moving magnets

Measured as newton per coulomb, volt per meterMeasured as gauss or tesla

Proportional for the electric chargeProportional to the speed of electric charge

Are perpendicular to the magnetic fieldAre perpendicular to the electric field

Electric field is measured using electrometerMagnetic field is measured using magnetometer

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